Dorothea Salo‘s syllabus for her course Digital Tools, Trends and Debates provides many valuable links regarding technology in the LIS. You may click the link provided to view the full syllabus in PDF format, or read more below for reading listings (it’s a bit of mess below..).
Unit 1: Fundamentals
Week 1 (September 6): What is technology? Managing technology and technology projects in libraries. Jobs in library
Learning objectives: Technology, technology “stacks,” technology “affordances.” Attitudes toward technology and change. Project
management tools and techniques. Technology-centered information-agency jobs. Technology in other information-agency jobs.
Weekly assignment (due 9/13): Build your personal learning network.
Trithemius, In praise of scribes (excerpts). Translated by Dorothea Salo. http://misc.yarinareth.net/trithemius.html
Click a few links in my Trithemius linkstore: http://pinboard.in/u:dsalo/t:trithemius
Wamsley, “Controlling project chaos: project management for library staff.” PNLA Quarterly 73:2 (2009). http://
http://www.pnla.org/quarterly/Winter2009/PNLA_Winter09.pdf (pp. 5-6, 27)
Leon, “Project management for humanists.” #alt-academy http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/alt-ac/pieces/
Lefurgy, “What skills does a digital archivist or librarian need?” http://blogs.loc.gov/digitalpreservation/2011/07/whatskills-does-a-digital-archivist-or-librarian-need/ (please read the comments also)
Wilder, “The New Library Professional.” Chronicle of Higher Education. http://chronicle.com/article/The-New-LibraryProfessional/46681/
Week 2 (September 13): The innards of computers and networks. Technology standards.
Learning objectives: Parts of a computer. Network stacks. (cable, router, switch, DNS, TCP/IP, IPv4 and IPv6 addressing). What
standards are for. Standards bodies (W3C, OASIS, ISO, NISO, IETF), library standards and standards work (RDA,
“BibFrame,” controlled vocabularies), “open standard.”
Weekly assignment: Upgrade the lab.
Tyson and Crawford, “How PCs Work.” (pages 2-3, 5) http://computer.howstuffworks.com/pc2.htm
Erdman, “TCP/IP.” http://www.networkclue.com/routing/tcpip/
Mathew, “Explaining SOPA.” http://meta.ath0.com/2011/12/21/explaining-sopa/ (read this for how DNS works, DNS
Cargill, “Why standardization efforts fail.” Journal of Electronic Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/
Taylor and Williams, “RDA: Resource Description and Access.” Ariadne. http://www.ariadne.ac.uk/issue63/rda-briefingrpt (sections 1-3, 6)
Coyle, “Bibliographic Framework Transition Initiative.” http://kcoyle.blogspot.com/2011/08/bibliographic-frameworktransition.html
“About the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).” http://www.w3.org/Consortium/
“Overview of the IETF.” http://ietf.org/overview.html
Week 3 (September 20): Technology, the law, and libraries
Learning objectives: Patriot Act. DOPA, S.49, COPA, CIPA, Do Not Track Kids Act. Terms of service agreements. CDA,
ﬁltering, E-Rate. Copyright and attempts to enforce copyright strictures on the Internet (ACTA, “three strikes” laws, SOPA,
PIPA, RWA). Net neutrality.
Weekly assignment: Write a bug report.
ALA, “The USA Patriot Act and Libraries.” http://www.ala.org/advocacy/advleg/federallegislation/theusapatriotact (stop
at “Reauthorization History” section)
“Gagged for 6 Years…” http://www.democracynow.org/seo/2010/8/11/gagged_for_6_years_nick_merrill
“Carol Brey-Casiano tells a Patriot Act story.” http://americanlibrariesmagazine.org/print/4390
Carr, “Library Filtering Remains Controversial.” Baseline. http://www.baselinemag.com/c/a/IT-Management/LibraryFiltering-Remains-Controversial-581401/
Anderson, “Libraries dying for bandwidth.” http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/11/libraries-dying-forbandwidthwheres-the-fiber-and-cash.arsMarwick, “To catch a predator?” First Monday. http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/
2152/1966 (Abstract and introduction required; the rest is optional, but fascinating)
MacDonald, “SOPA and PIPA Infographic” http://pinboard.in/cached/c1e67492336a/
Smith, Kevin. “ACTA and the Embrace of Big Government.” http://blogs.library.duke.edu/scholcomm/2010/10/25/actaand-the-embrace-of-big-government/
Lifehacker. “An introduction to net neutrality.” http://lifehacker.com/5720407/an-introduction-to-net-neutrality-what-it-iswhat-it-means-for-you-and-what-you-can-do-about-it
Karr, Tim. “Comcast Busted.” http://www.savetheinternet.com/blog/10/11/30/comcast-busted-new-tolls-netflix-arent-allyou-should-worry-about
Unit 2: Living on the network
Week 4 (September 27): Security on the network
Learning objectives: software threats (virus, trojan, worm), malware (adware, spyware, hijackers), phishing, pharming, social
engineering, denial of service attack. Spam (email, web-comment, referrer; botnets). Server and network attacks (denial-of-service
attack, “man-in-the-middle” attack, cross-site-scripting attack, dictionary attack, brute-force attack), vulnerabilities and patches
(zero-day exploit), ﬁrewalls, privileges and privilege-based attacks (rootkit), password guidelines. Identity management
(authentication, attribution, authorization).
Weekly assignment: A reﬂection on personal digital security.
ObXKCD: http://xkcd.com/350/ and http://xkcd.com/936/
Plum, “User Authentication.” http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/spec267web.pdf (pp 9-13)
Granier, “SPAM and AntiSpam.” http://www.sans.edu/student-files/presentations/Spam-AntispamBattlefield.pdf (pp 1-21)
“What’s the difference between…” http://lifehacker.com/5560443/whats-the-difference-between-viruses-trojans-wormsand-other-malware
Hruska, “IRS easily baited, vulnerable to social engineering-based attacks.” Ars Technica. http://arstechnica.com/
“All About Phishing.” http://www.webopedia.com/DidYouKnow/Internet/2005/phishing.asp
Delio, “Pharming Out-Scams Phishing.” Wired. http://www.wired.com/techbiz/it/news/2005/03/66853
“Denial of Service attacks.” http://www.cert.org/tech_tips/denial_of_service.html
Piscitello, “Anatomy of a cross-site scripting attack.” http://www.watchguard.com/infocenter/editorial/135142.asp
Bradley, “Zero day exploits.” http://netsecurity.about.com/od/newsandeditorial1/a/aazeroday.htm
Baekdal, Thomas. “The usability of passwords.” http://www.baekdal.com/tips/password-security-usability
Canavan, “Information Security Policy.” http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/policyissues/informationsecurity-policy-development-guide-large-small-companies_1331 (Sections 1-3. Skim sections 5 and 6.)
For consultation: Data Security and Compliance Terms. http://www.imperva.com/resources/glossary/glossary.html
Week 5 (October 4): Websites and their care and feeding. Mobile websites and apps.
Learning objectives: weblog, wiki, content management system, content transclusion (via RSS, Twitter, etc). Usability and user
testing. Writing for the web. Common errors in library website design. Search-engine optimization. Responsive design.
Smartphones, apps, web development for mobile devices, texting/SMS, mobile demographics, geolocation, privacy. QR codes.
Weekly assignment: Rewrite a library web page.
Reidsma, “Your library website stinks and it’s your fault.” http://matthew.reidsrow.com/ltc2012/ (watch the entire video)
Marty and Twidale, “Usability@90mph.” First Monday. http://www.firstmonday.org/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/
“User Testing in the Wild: Joe’s First Computer Encounter.” http://jboriss.wordpress.com/2011/07/06/user-testing-in-thewild-joes-first-computer-encounter/ (beware the comments; some are good, some are stunningly creepy)
Fulton, “Library perspectives on Web content management systems.” First Monday. http://firstmonday.org/htbin/
cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2631/2579 (Pay attention to the politics of CMS migration.)
“About Drupal.” http://drupal.org/about
Pettit, “Beginner’s guide to responsive web design.” http://thinkvitamin.com/design/beginners-guide-to-responsive-webdesign/
Schmidt, “Writing for the Web: Save the Time of the Reader” http://www.walkingpaper.org/5225
“Library Accessibility: What You Need To Know.” http://www.ala.org/ascla/asclaprotools/accessibilitytipsheets/ (read all;
pay special attention to “Management” and “Assistive Technology”)Wikipedia, “Search engine optimization.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Search_engine_optimization
Enis, “Patrons expect more mobile services.” The Digital Shift. http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/08/mobile/patronsexpect-more-mobile-services-handheld-librarian-conference/
Reidsma, “Libraries and the myth of mobile phone use.” http://matthew.reidsrow.com/articles/21
MIT Libraries, “Apps for Academics.” http://libguides.mit.edu/apps (click through the tabs, skim the pages)
Tynan, “Who’s tracking your cell phone?” http://www.pcworld.com/businesscenter/article/236456/
Suda, “Designing for the Mobile Web.” http://articles.sitepoint.com/article/designing-for-mobile-web
Week 6 (October 11): Information agencies and the social web
Learning objectives: Online audio/video, Twitter, Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn, chat, Wikipedia and libraries, geolocation,
crowdsourcing, professional networking online, social bookmarking/citation management, tagging, folksonomy, mashups (AJAX)
and widgets, APIS and protocols.
Weekly assignment: Evaluate the advocacy potential of a social-media tool for a particular information-agency type.
“Application programming interface.” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_programming_interface
Miller, “So what’s a mashup anyway?” http://blogs.talis.com/panlibus/archives/2006/06/so_whats_a_mash.php
Lamb, “Folksonomies and Rich Serendipity.” http://www.greenchameleon.com/gc/blog_detail/
“Chat reference.” http://www.teachinglibrarian.org/oldsite/chat.htm
Hickey, “Back to school: an Evernote scavenger hunt.” http://blog.evernote.com/2012/08/16/back-to-school-an-evernotescavenger-hunt-education-series/
Potter and Woods, “Escaping the echo chamber.” http://www.netvibes.com/nedpotter#The_Echo_Chamber (at minimum,
click through the Prezi presentation OR read the article)
Simon, “An open letter to museums on Twitter.” http://museumtwo.blogspot.com/2008/12/open-letter-to-museums-ontwitter.html
Madrigal, “What Big Media could learn from the NYPL.” http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2011/06/whatbig-media-can-learn-from-the-new-york-public-library/240565/
Halpern, “Walking a ﬁne line: You 2.0 vs. well, You.” http://hacklibschool.wordpress.com/2011/07/25/walking-a-fine-lineyou/
Week 7 (October 18): Teaching and learning on the network
Learning objectives: “Digital natives” and other (faux or real) technology demographics. Distance education, digital research
guides, MOOCs. Teaching technology to non-users, the digital divide. Gamiﬁcation, badges.
Weekly assignment: SQL Quiz 1
Coombes, “Generation Y: Are they really digital natives or more like digital refugees?” http://www.slav.schools.net.au/
“Information behaviour of the researcher of the future.” http://www.bl.uk/news/pdf/googlegen.pdf
Dworschak, “Logging Off: The Internet Generation Prefers the Real World.” http://www.spiegel.de/international/
“Keeping an electronic eye on Johnny.” http://host.madison.com/ct/news/local/education/local_schools/
“Game-Based Learning.” http://www.nmc.org/publications/horizon-report-2012-higher-ed-edition (download the PDF
and read pp. 18-21)
Look at at least two tags and at least two questions on http://libraries.stackexchange.com/ . Now look through the badges
Poke through UW-Madison’s LibGuides at http://researchguides.library.wisc.edu/ and read through the information
about Library Course Pages http://www.library.wisc.edu/lcp/index.html
West and Engstrom, “Touring the Digital Divide.” http://www.librarian.net/talks/sxsw10/ (read the slides at least)
“Guidelines for distance learning library services.” http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/guidelinesdistancelearning (Part I)
“MOOCs from Here.” http://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/confessions-community-college-dean/moocs-here
West, “On the Fly Tech Support” http://www.librarian.net/talks/iowa2009/index.html (read the slides, click some links)
Kelly and Hibner, “Thingamabobs and Doodads: why tech support IS reference.” http://www.slideshare.net/hhibner/
Grussell, “Introduction: The Database Approach.” http://db.grussell.org/section002.html (NOT the rest of the page.)Unit 3: Library-speciﬁc technology
Week 8 (October 25): The Integrated Library System and related software. N.B. Dorothea is presenting at WLA this
week. Class will NOT MEET IN PERSON. Project groups are welcome to use the classroom space at normal class time
to meet if they wish. Lecture video will be posted to Learn@UW.
Learning objectives: Software development models (off-the-shelf, customized, homegrown, open-source) and their pros and cons.
Software selection processes. Protocols and APIs (recap). ILS modules. ILS vendors. “Resource discovery” landscape. Metasearch
versus local indexing. Electronic-resource managers. Proxy servers. Link resolvers (the “appropriate copy” problem). OpenURL.
The future of MARC.
Weekly assignment: SQL quiz 2
ObXKCD: http://xkcd.com/225/ and http://xkcd.com/743/
“Comparison of open source and closed source.” Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Askey, “Yes, we love open-source software. No, you can’t have our code.” http://journal.code4lib.org/articles/527
Lown, Sierra, and Boyer, “How users search the library from a single search box.” http://crl.acrl.org/content/early/
Coco, “Convenience and its discontents.” http://acrlog.org/2012/01/27/convenience-and-its-discontents-teaching-webscale-discovery-in-the-context-of-google/
Dempsey, “Outside-in and inside-out.” http://orweblog.oclc.org/archives/002047.html
Watters, “The search for a minimum viable record.” http://radar.oreilly.com/2011/05/minimum-viable-record.html
Rochkind, Jonathan. “article search, and catalog search.” http://bibwild.wordpress.com/2011/08/08/article-search-andcatalog-search/
Coyle, Karen. “From MARC to principled metadata.” http://kcoyle.blogspot.com/2011/05/from-marc-to-principledmetadata.html
Taylor, Mike. “Bibliographic data, part 1: MARC and its vile progeny.” http://reprog.wordpress.com/2010/09/02/
Apps and MacIntyre, “Why OpenURL?” http://www.dlib.org/dlib/may06/apps/05apps.html
Farkas, “What’s the deal, JSTOR?” http://meredith.wolfwater.com/wordpress/2010/08/24/whats-the-deal-jstor/
w3schools.com, SQL tutorials. http://www.w3schools.com/SQL/sql_syntax.asp, http://www.w3schools.com/SQL/
sql_select.asp, and http://www.w3schools.com/SQL/sql_where.asp
Week 9 (November 1): Metadata and search engines.
Learning objectives: Metadata types (descriptive, administrative, structural, preservation). Common metadata standards and
other XML languages in information agencies (METS, MODS, Dublin Core, TEI, EAD). What is a markup language? XML.
XML well-formedness. XML validity (DTDs, schemas, validators, tag libraries and other documentation). Index, spider/crawler,
TF/IDF, search engine optimization. Relevance ranking, deduplicating, and faceted browsing. Linked data and RDF.
Weekly assignment: SQL Quiz 3
Franklin, “How Internet Search Engines Work.” http://computer.howstuffworks.com/search-engine.htm (Parts 1-4)
Rochkind, Jonathan. “Information retrieval and relevance ranking for librarians.” http://bibwild.wordpress.com/
Antelman, Lynema, and Pace. “Toward a 21st Century Library Catalog.” http://eprints.rclis.org/archive/00007332/
“A Gentle Introduction to XML.” http://www.tei-c.org/release/doc/tei-p5-doc/en/html/SG.html (Through “An example
schema,” but keep going if you like.)
SAA. “What is EAD?” http://www.archivists.org/saagroups/ead/aboutead.html
Dempsey, Lorcan. “Metadata sources.” http://orweblog.oclc.org/archives/002009.html
Riley, “Seeing Standards.” http://www.dlib.indiana.edu/~jenlrile/metadatamap/ (Download the poster and read the
legend and deﬁnitions carefully.)
Kennedy, “Nine questions to guide you in choosing a metadata schema.” https://journals.tdl.org/jodi/article/viewArticle/
Cundiff and Trail, “Using METS and MODS…” http://www.loc.gov/standards/mods/presentations/mets-mods-morganala07/
Chapple, “Database keys.” http://databases.about.com/od/specificproducts/a/keys.htmWeek 10 (November 8): Digitization and ﬁle formats
Learning objectives: Classifying and evaluating ﬁle formats. Lossy vs. lossless formats. Image formats (JPEG, TIFF, JPEG 2000,
PNG, GIF). Audio and video formats (codecs, sampling rate/bitrate, WAV, AIFF, mp3, MPEG4). Planning and managing
digitization projects. OCR.
Weekly assignment: SQL quiz 4
Search for some of your favorite ﬁle formats on http://wotsit.org/.
Matthews, “Digital image ﬁle types.” http://www.wfu.edu/~matthews/misc/graphics/formats/formats.html
Read through Rutgers’ opinions on archival ﬁle formats at http://rucore.libraries.rutgers.edu/collab/reference.php?
ICPSR, “Digital Preservation Tutorial,” section 3 “Obsolescence”: “File Formats and Software” and “Hardware and
Lazorchak, “Whither digital video preservation?” http://blogs.loc.gov/digitalpreservation/2011/07/whither-digitalvideo-preservation/
Pilgrim, “Video on the web.” http://diveintohtml5.org/video.html (Stop at “Encoding video with Miro converter.”)
“Creating and keeping your digital treasures: A user guide.” http://www.slwa.wa.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/
“What is OCR?” http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/O/optical_character_recognition.html
“SQL Join.” http://www.quackit.com/sql/tutorial/sql_join.cfm (read ONLY about inner joins; outer joins will confuse you!)
Week 11 (November 15): Digital preservation
Learning objectives: Threats to digital data. Format migration vs. system emulation.“Preservation copy” and Google Books.
Types of digital archives (institutional repository, disciplinary repository, data archive, “trusted digital repository,” dark archive).
LOCKSS/CLOCKSS and Portico. eScience, cyberinfrastructure, and data curation. Personal digital archiving.
Weekly assignment: Reﬂect on the longevity of your personal digital materials.
Rosenthal, “Requirements for digital preservation systems: a bottom-up approach.” D-Lib Magazine. http://
“Sustainable Economics for a Digital Planet.” http://brtf.sdsc.edu/biblio/BRTF_Final_Report.pdf (pp 1-16)
ICPSR, “Digital Preservation Management.” http://www.dpworkshop.org/dpm-eng/eng_index.html (Introduction,
sections 1, 2, 5.)
Skinner and Schultz, “Preserving Our Collections, Preserving Our Missions.” http://www.metaarchive.org/sites/default/
files/GDDP_Educopia.pdf (pp. 1-9)
Library of Congress. “Personal Digital Archiving Day Kit.” http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/personalarchiving/padKit/
index.html (download and read the PDF reference copy)
“About LOCKSS.” http://www.lockss.org/lockss/About_LOCKSS
“How CLOCKSS works.” http://www.clockss.org/clockss/How_CLOCKSS_Works
“About Portico.” http://www.portico.org/about/
Lynch, “Institutional repositories.” http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/br/br226/br226ir.shtml
Peek through SSRN (http://ssrn.com/) and MINDS@UW (http://minds.wisconsin.edu/).
ARL, “Agenda for Developing E-Science.” http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/ARL_EScience_final.pdf (pp. 3-13)
November 22: Happy Thanksgiving!
Week 12 (November 29): Ebooks
Learning objectives: IDPF, EPub vs. PDF vs. .mobi, DRM, “ﬁrst-sale,” leased vs. owned information, libraries as publishers,
print-on-demand. Licensing ebooks; e-reserves. Acquiring and cataloging ebooks. DMCA and its exceptions.
Weekly assignment: An emerging technology plan.
Ball, “E-books in practice: the librarian’s perspective.” http://epub.uni-regensburg.de/2047/1/Ball.pdf
“E-reader Pilot at Princeton.” http://www.princeton.edu/ereaderpilot/index.xml (read through the whole site, and at least
the summary version of the ﬁnal report)
Houghton-Jan, “Imagine no restrictions: digital rights management.” http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/
Mod, “Books in the age of the iPad.” http://craigmod.com/journal/ipad_and_books/
Tenopir, “Usage and Functionality.” http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6718560.htmlBayley, “E-Book Buyer’s Guide to Privacy.” http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2010/01/updated-and-corrected-e-book-buyersguide-privacy
Neuberger, “Who Owns Your Ebook…? Probably Not You.” http://www.pbs.org/mediashift/2010/08/who-owns-your-ebook-of-war-and-peace-probably-not-you225.html
Anderson, “Landmark study: DRM truly does make pirates of us all.” ars technica. http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/
Yelton, “Ebooks, choices, and the soul of librarianship.” The Digital Shift. http://www.thedigitalshift.com/2012/07/
Albanese, “PW talks with Jonathan Band.” http://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/digital/copyright/article/
w3schools.com, SQL tutorials. http://www.w3schools.com/SQL/sql_and_or.asp and http://www.w3schools.com/SQL/
Unit 4: Overarching concerns
Week 13 (December 6): Privacy
Learning objectives: Library attitudes toward privacy. Privacy and threats to privacy in networked environments. Legal threats to
privacy online (CALEA, ECPA). Teaching patrons about privacy. Ebooks and privacy. Data mining and reidentiﬁcation.
Weekly assignment: Privacy-policy language for a personalized library service
ObXKCD: http://xkcd.com/155/ and http://xkcd.com/522/
Take the EFF’s Know Your Rights! quiz at https://www.eff.org/pages/know-your-digital-rights-quiz
Owen, “Big e-reader is watching you.” Paid Content. http://paidcontent.org/2012/06/29/big-e-reader-is-watching-you/
Cline, “iPhone location-tracking incident boosts stock of ‘privacy by design.’” http://www.macworld.com/article/
Klinefelter, “Library Standards for Privacy: A Model for the Digital World?” http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?
“Big data is our generation’s civil rights issue, and we don’t know it.” http://solveforinteresting.com/big-data-is-ourgenerations-civil-rights-issue-and-we-dont-know-it/
“The Fundamental Limits of Privacy for Social Networks.” http://www.technologyreview.com/blog/arxiv/25146/
Onion. “Google Responds to Privacy Concerns with Unsettlingly Speciﬁc Apology.” http://www.theonion.com/articles/
Madrigal, “Why Facebook and Google’s concept of ‘real names’ is revolutionary.” http://www.theatlantic.com/
Schneier, Bruce. “Privacy Salience and Social Networking Sites.” http://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2009/07/
Hotz, “Facebook and privacy: six years of controversy.” http://mashable.com/2010/08/25/facebook-privacy-infographic/
Harris, “FTC says yes to Facebook inclusion in background checks.” http://www.zdnet.com/blog/feeds/ftc-says-yes-tofacebook-activity-inclusion-in-background-checks/3973
Week 14 (December 13): Collecting and circulating digital materials
Learning objectives: Google Books. The impact of ebooks and other digital materials on collection development, technical services,
reference, and other information-agency functions.
Salo, “Turning collection development inside out.” https://vimeo.com/20019850
Samuelson, “GBS as copyright reform.” http://www.slideshare.net/naypinya/samuelson-gbs-as-copyright-reform
Band, “GBS March Madness.” http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/gbs-march-madness-diagram-final.pdf
Grimmelmann, “Inside Judge Chin’s Opinion.” http://laboratorium.net/archive/2011/03/22/inside_judge_chins_opinion
Hellman, “What the Google Books Settlement Agreement Says about Privacy.” http://go-to-hellman.blogspot.com/
Kolowich, “Flipping the script.” Inside Higher Ed. http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2012/07/20/library-groups-seedouble-standard-authors-guilds-stand-against-hathitrust
Cairns, “Monographs don’t support the library mission.” http://personanondata.blogspot.com/2011/06/ala-speechparallel-universe-monographs.html?spref=tw
Schonfeld and Housewright, “What to Withdraw.” http://www.ithaka.org/ithaka-s-r/research/what-to-withdraw/What